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Johann Baptist Wanhal

Missa in C Nokki 12 [Weinmann XIX:C4]

Wanhal ?
Nokki 12
Weinmann XIX:C4

Authenticity: probably authentic

This work exist in a number of versions, with no known counterattributions. It exhibits several strategies typical of Wanhal, and fits well along with his other the 'Domine Deus' masses.


In addition to the original version, an arrangement of the Kyrie and Gloria for two choirs and two orchestras (!) were made by Jan Jakob Trautzl in the Cistercian monastery Osek in 1785. The remaining movements were taken from a mass by Anton Zimmermann (AZ VIII/1: C4; Mudra2011).

In the performance parts, however, the organ part contains the remaining movements of Wanhal's mass. This part is transposed down two half steps. As wind instruments made for church often had a concert pitch that could be as much as two half steps higher than instruments intended for secular use, and the transposed organ part might suggest that wind instruments had to be borrowed from elsewhere. This is supported by Osek1753, which contains a list of the instruments in the monastery of 1755 and an addendum from 1802. These suggest that the monastery only were in the possession of two oboes at the time, and would have had to borrow two from elsewhere. Whilst it is listed as having owned six trumpets in 1755 (this is not mentioned in the 1802 addendum), it is not obvious that four of these would have been able to perform together in C, especially if oboes had to be procured elsewhere. All things considered, it seems likely that the transposed organ part is evidence of such borrowing, and most likely from a secular owner.

The existence of a transposed organ part for the movement suggests that there were also performances where the Kyrie and Gloria would have been performed polychorally, before the ensembles performed the remaining movements together. As performance dates only survive on the short score of Zimmermann's movements, there is little reason to believe that these performances are recorded here.

Missa Integra

In the Osek version, this mass is given the title 'Missa Integra', or 'complete mass'. This is to separate it from the many Kyrie/Gloria masses found in the repertoire here, and possibly to separate the original from the aforementioned arrangement by Trautzl.

1779 Copy in Rajhrad dated
1780 Copy from the Augustinian monastery in Brno dated
1783 Copy in Osek dated
20 August 1785 Performance of the Trautzel arrangement in the honour of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux
31 August 1785 Performance of the Trautzel arrangement in the honour of Saint Raymond Nonnatus
1851 Replacement title page on the copy from Rahjrad monastery dated

Original version

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Arrangement of Kyrie and Gloria for two choirs and orchestras by Jan Jakup Trautzel

Nokki 12b

Arranger: Jan Jakup Trautzel (Saputo)
Writer of accompanying material: Anton Zimmermann

(All incipits are based on orchestra/choir 1 alone.)

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File title:

Missa in C Nokki 12 [Weinmann XIX:C4]

File publication:

Editor: Halvor K. Hosar

Last changed 2020-11-21 by Halvor K Hosar

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