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Johann Baptist Wanhal

Missa in C Nokki 11 [Weinmann XIX:C2]

Wanhal ?
Nokki 11
Weinmann XIX:C2
Hoboken XXII:C2

Associated name: Joseph Alois Holzmann
Arranger: Vincent Novello

Authenticity: Probably authentic

Whilst this work has been attributed to a few different names, Wanhal's is the only one to stand out as likely. Not only is the sheer amount of copies attributed to him suggestive of his authorship, but the setting of 'Domine Deus, Agnus Dei' as a separate movement and the final 'Amen' in the Gloria as a movement by itself are typical of Wanhal's largest settings. The work fits firmly within the stylistic boundaries of his other 'Domine Deus' masses, even if this setting is somewhat unconventional by only having one fugal movement.

The occasional attributions to Joseph Haydn are obviously incorrect. MacIntyre1982 (p. 45) claims that a copy of this piece can be found in the Lambach catalogue under the name 'Monsching'. Whilst the bass incipit differs significantly from the mass, however, even if it fits the melody. (Obermayr1768, p. 28) The manuscript is lost (ibid, p. 318), and there seems to be little reason to believe it contained the mass in question.

Variants

This work exists in several shortened variants, none of whom are likely to have been sanctioned by Wanhal. Nokki 11b is the longest of these:
* Only the first movement of the three-movement Kyrie is used; the middle section of the movement is retexted 'Christe eleison';
* The Gloria is set to the music from the Domine Deus of Nokki 09;
* The Laudamus is of unknown origin;
* The Domine Deus (which in this version also sets the three 'Agnus Dei' calls) is a retexting of the Domine Deus Agnus Dei;
* The Quoniam is rescored for soprano solo rather than tenor solo;
* The Et resurrexit is of unknown origin, but is possibly a reworking, as both versions use the same opening motive;
* The Pleni sunt coeli, Benedictus and Agnus Dei are of unknown origin;
* The Dona nobis is a reworking of the Cum Sancto Spiritu rather than a separate movement.

This is almost certainly a local variant. This is obvious from the very unusual style of the mass, but in particular the fact that the 'gratias agimus tibi' line is omitted from the Gloria. Even though it uses a movement from another mass by Wanhal there is little reason to suspect the composer's involvement, as this movement is stylistically very different from his authentic settings of the Gloria.

Vincent Novello published an abbreviated version of the mass as 'Mass no. 12 by Haydn' in the 1850s (Nokki 11c). This setting reduces the orchestra to an organ accompaniment, and the number of movements is greatly reduced through retexting:

* 'Christe eleison' is set in the middle section of the opening Kyrie. Whilst this procedure is the same as in the example discussed above, the way the text is set is quite different, and this seems to speak against a direct relationship between the two;
* The entire Gloria text is set to the first movement of the original;
* The Credo is greatly abbreviated, and parts of the text is omitted;
* The Et incarnatus is of unknown origin;
* The Et resurrexit is greatly abbreviated, and the end re-texted to accommodate the Cum Sancte Spiritu text;
* The Benedictus and following Osanna are of unknown origin. The former was may have been replaced because it was the only soloist movement in the work that could not be easily done away with:
* The Agnus Dei has significant rewriting of the vocal parts in it, but is not abbreviated;
* The Dona nobis is a re-texting of the Kyrie.

These changes have yet to be found in any full manuscript, and may well represent an adaptation from other works. If so, these have yet to be identified.

Nokki 11d is easily the strangest variant of any mass by Wanhal. This reduction for SA choir and organ is attributed to Joseph Alois Holzmann. The similarity to any other edition ends after the first three phrases of the Kyrie (after which no music known from other sources is used), but the degree to which even the alto part is maintained up to this leaves little doubt that this must have originated as an adaptation of Wanhal's idea. It is included here primarily for completion

A Wanhal riddle: a copy in A-Wgm?

Weinmann1987 indicated that a copy of this work existed in the Gesellshaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna. This work could not be found in their present card catalogue, and the lack of a shelf mark suggests that it has never existed.

1779 Copy in Rahjrad catalogued (original manuscript not seen)
1784 Copy in Osek dated
16 Sept. 1798 Holzmann version (Nokki 10d) manuscript dated
1855 Published in London and New York by Vincent Novello under Joseph Haydn's name

Original version

Extent: 1724 bars

- Music

Kyrie

- Sections

  • 1. Kyrie

    Tempo: Andante

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 131 bars

  • 2. Christe

    Tempo: Andante

    Metre: 2
    4

    Key: F major

    Extent: 102 bars

  • 3. Kyrie II

    Tempo: Allegro

    Metre: 𝄵

    Key: C major

    Extent: 151 bars

Gloria

- Sections

  • 4. Gloria

    Tempo: Allegro

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 112 bars

  • 5. Laudamus

    Tempo: Andante

    Metre: 2
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 99 bars

  • 6. Gratias

    Tempo: Allegro

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 78 bars

  • 7. Domine Deus

    Tempo: Andante

    Metre: 𝄴

    Key: C minor

    Extent: 34 bars

  • 8. Domine Deus agnus Dei

    Tempo: Adagio

    Metre: 𝄴

    Key: C minor

    Extent: 34 bars

  • 9. Quoniam

    Tempo: Allegro moderato

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 118 bars

  • 10. Cum sancto spiritu

    Tempo: Adagio

    Metre: 𝄵

    Key: C major

    Extent: 6 bars

  • Amen

    Tempo: Allegro

    Extent: 81 bars

Credo

- Sections

  • 11. Credo

    Tempo: Allegro

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 94 bars

  • 12. Et incarnatus

    Tempo: Adagio

    Metre: 𝄵

    Key: C major

    Extent: 100 bars

  • 13. Et ressurexit

    Tempo: Allegro

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 180 bars

Sanctus

- Sections

  • 14. Sanctus

    Tempo: Adagio

    Metre: 𝄴

    Key: C major

    Extent: 6 bars

  • Pleni sunt coeli

    Tempo: Allegro

    Metre: 3
    4

    Extent: 19 bars

    The surveyed manuscripts do not contain an Osanna movement at this point. This is most likely the result of an act of convenience, as Wanhal's other masses on this scale use the same movement for both Osanna I and Osanna II.

  • 15. Benedictus

    Tempo: Andante

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: F major

    Extent: 157 bars

  • 16. Osanna

    Tempo: Allegro

    Metre: 3
    8

    Key: C major

    Extent: 29 bars

Agnus Dei

- Sections

  • 17. Agnus Dei

    Tempo: Andante molto

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C minor

    Extent: 75 bars

  • 18. Dona nobis

    Tempo: Andante

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 116 bars

- Sources

Performance material, Moravian Museum, Brno

[Classification: notated music, print, copy, parts, fair copy, incomplete]
Title page: Front page: Missa sollenis in C/a/Canto, Alto, Tenore, Basso./Violino Primo et Secondo/Clarinetto Primo et Secondo./Clarino Primo et Secondo./Alto Viola et Tympano/con/Organo/Auth. Wanhal/Tempier.

Vl1 missing.

CZ-Bm A 22843.

Performance material, Czech Museum of Music, Prague

[Classification: notated music, manuscript, copy, parts, fair copy]

Scribe: Jan Jakup Trautzl.

Front page: Missa ex C / Solennis / ã / Canto, Alto, / Tenore, Basso / Violino Primo, / Violino Secondo, / Oboe Primo, / Oboe Secondo, / Clarino Primo, / Clarino Secondo, / Alto=Viola / con / Organo / Autore Sigl Giovanne Wanhall // Pro / Choro Ossecensi / 1784
Tenore, last page: Wanig.
Basso, last page: Wanig.

Provenance: Cistercian monastery, Osek.

Library index card

CZ-Pnm XXXIII A 31.
Osek1754 deest..
OsekModern p. 63.

Copy, Augustinian monastery, St. Florian

Title page: Missa a 4 Voci, 2 Viol, 2 Ob., 2 Clarini, Timp., Organo, Violone.

Not seen. Information taken from Weinmann1987.

A-SF II 425.

Copy, Cistercian monastery, Wilhering

Title page: [cover] Missa Ex C. | a | 4 Vocibus | 2 Violinis | 2 Obois. | 2 Clarinis. | Tybano [!] | Viola et Violone. | Con | Organo. | Del Signore Giovani Vannhal.

Not seen. Information taken from RISM.

RISM

A-WIL Ms. 1104.
RISM 600077677.

Copy, Moravian Museum, Brno

Catalogue entry in Raigern1779: Sacrum Solemme in C a 4 Voci 2 Violini Alto Viol. Oblig. 2 Clarini et Tympano con Organo. Proc. P. Maurus Haberhauer [1]779. / and.[ante] [incipit] Wanhal/E.IV.N.13.

Not seen. Information taken from Raigern1771. Originally made in Raigern.

CZ-Bm A 13095.
Raigern1771 304.

Copy, Moravian Museum, Brno

Not seen. Information taken from Weinmann1987.

CZ-Bm A 20464.

Copy, Moravian Monastery, Brno

Not seen. Information taken from Weinmann1987. Originally from the Augustinian monastery in Brno.

CZ-Bm A 20964.

Copy, Czech Museum of Music, Prague

Title page: Missa solemnis à C.A.T.B. 2 V. Va. 2 Ob. 2 Clar. Timp. Org. Del Sig Joanne Vannhal.

Not seen. Information taken from library index card.

Library index card

CZ-Pnm XVIII A 164.

Alleged copy, Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde

In the Weinmann catalogue there is supposed to be a manuscript version of this mass, containing 13 voices, in the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna. Weinmann did not include a signature for this copy, however, and attempts to find it have failed. No other sacred works by Wanhal exist in manuscript in the collection (the printed masses C8 and G5 do). The existence of the manuscript cannot be ruled out entirely, but it seems likely that this is based on a misunderstanding: Weinmann died before he finished his catalogue, which was subsequently made from his notes by colleagues, who may have mistakenly put it there.

A-Wgm ?.

Copy, Schott Archives (Joseph Haydn)

Not seen, referred to in Hoboken1971 (p. 111)

D-MZsch ?.

Copy, Benedictine monastery, Lamback ('Monsching')

Not seen. Referred to in MacIntyre1984 (p. 45). The identity of 'Monsching' is unknown; however implausible it seems most closely to match the name of the French composer Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny (1729-1817), who among other things collaborated with Gottfried van Swieten on an opera.

A-LA p. 26.

Modified version

Nokki 11b

Extent: 1370 bars

- Music

1. Kyrie

Tempo: Andante

Metre: 3
4

Key: C major

Extent: 131 bars

Gloria

- Sections

  • 4. Gloria

    Tempo: Allegro

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 110 bars

  • 5. Laudamus te

    Tempo: Andante

    Metre: 2
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 99 bars

    The line 'Gratias agimus tibi, propter magnam gloriam tuam' is omitted.

  • 6. Domine Deus

    Tempo: Adagio

    Metre: 𝄴

    Key: C major

    Extent: 34 bars

  • 7. Quoniam

    Tempo: Allegro moderato

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 118 bars

  • 8. Cum sancto spiritu

    Tempo: Adagio

    Metre: 𝄵

    Key: C major

    Extent: 6 bars

  • Amen

    Tempo: Allegro

    Extent: 141 bars

Credo

- Sections

  • 9. Credo

    Tempo: Allegro

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 94 bars

  • 10. Et incarnatus

    Tempo: Adagio

    Metre: 𝄵

    Key: C major

    Extent: 100 bars

  • 11. Et ressurexit

    Tempo: Allegro

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 99 bars

Sanctus

- Sections

  • 12. Sanctus

    Tempo: Adagio

    Metre: 𝄴

    Key: C major

    Extent: 6 bars

  • Pleni sunt coeli

    Tempo: Allegro

    Metre: 3
    4

    Extent: 49 bars

  • 13. Benedictus

    Tempo: Andante

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: F major

    Extent: 102 bars

  • Osanna

    Tempo: Allegro

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 22 bars

    Repetition of the end of Pleni sunt coeli.

Agnus Dei

- Sections

  • 17. Agnus Dei

    Tempo: Andante molto

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C minor

    Extent: 150 bars

  • 18. Dona Nobis

    Tempo: Andante

    Metre: 3
    4

    Key: C major

    Extent: 131 bars

    Re-texting ofthe Kyrie movement. A realization of the text setting is not given.

- Sources

Performance parts, Hohenlohe-Bartenstein Archive, Bartenstein

[Classification: notated music, manuscript, copy, parts]
Title page: Missa Solemnis in C / a 18 Parti / Canto, Alto, Tenore, Basso / Due Violini / Due Oboe / Due Flauti / Due Corni, [to the right: '3 in Benedictus / et agnus Dei.'] / Due Clarini in C. / Alto-Viola / Violoncello Violone / Organo / Del Sigr Vanhal / ad Chorum Bartenstein

RISM Scan

D-BAR Ba 120.
RISM 450001540.

Novello arrangement for keyboard and SATBsoprano, alto, tenore, basso (mixed choir) voices

Nokki 11c
Hoboken1971 XXII:C2

Arranger: Vincent Novello

Extent: 765 bars

- Music

1. Kyrie

Tempo: Andante

Metre: 3
4

Key: C major

Extent: 128 bars

2. Gloria

Tempo: Allegro

Metre: 3
4

Key: C major

Extent: 99 bars

3. Credo

Tempo: Allegro

Metre: 3
4

Key: C major

Extent: 52 bars

4. Et incarnatus est

Tempo: Larghetto

Metre: 3
4

Key: A minor

Extent: 36 bars

5. Et resurrexit

Tempo: Allegro

Metre: 3
4

Key: C major

Extent: 51 bars

6. Sanctus

Tempo: Adagio

Metre: 𝄴

Key: C major

Extent: 5 bars

Pleni sunt coeli

Tempo: Allegro

Metre: 3
4

Key: C major

Extent: 21 bars

7. Benedictus

Tempo: Andante

Metre: 3
4

Key: F major

Extent: 158 bars

Osanna

Tempo: Allegro

Metre: 3
4

Key: C major

Extent: 12 bars

8. Agnus Dei

Tempo: Andante molto

Metre: 3
4

Key: C minor

Extent: 75 bars

9. Dona nobis

Tempo: Andante

Metre: 3
4

Key: C major

Extent: 128 bars

Re-texting of Kyrie.

- Sources

Published score, Novello (Joseph Haydn)

[Classification: notated music, print, parts, first edition, complete]

Arranger: Vincent Novello.

Vincent Novello, London 1870s?.

Referred to in Hoboken1971 (p. 111)

DK-Kk U10, 1951-52.70, U10.
GB-Dru SC+ 04234 v.2.
GB-Lbl Music Collections B.550.a.
US-Cp M2013.H4 H.XXII C2 N68 1800z.
US-NYcu 82.7 H324 M6.
(Thousand Oaks Public Library, San Antonio) deest.
(King Library, San Jose State University) M2013 .H4 H.XXII, C2, 1870x.

Holzmann arrangement for keyboard and SA voices

Composer: Joseph Alois Holzmann
Performer: Joseph Branböck

Instrumentation:
Choir: S.soprano , A.alto
Accompaniment: org.organo (organ)

Extent: 155 bars

- Music

1. Kyrie

Tempo: Allegretto

Metre: 3
4

Key: D major

Extent: 60 bars

2. Gloria

Tempo: Allegro molto

Metre: 2
4

Key: D major

Extent: 33 bars

3. Credo

Tempo: Allegro

Metre: 3
4

Key: D major

Extent: 36 bars

4. Sanctus

Tempo: Adagio

Metre: 𝄴

Key: D major

Extent: 6 bars

Pleni sunt coeli

Tempo: Allegro molto

Metre: 2
4

Key: D major

Extent: 20 bars

- Sources

Performance parts, Bavarian State Library, Munich (Joseph Alois Holzmann)

[Classification: notated music, manuscript, copy, parts, complete]

Scribes: Joseph Bramböck, Peter Huber.

Title page: Thono ex D. / Missa VIII / Canto / et / Organo. // Del Sig: Giuseppe / Holzmann. // adme Joseph Branböck / org: in Niederndorf 1798.
Org., last page: abgeschrieben den 16|t|e|n September / 1798.

Provenance: Niederndorf

Library catalogue entry Digital manuscript copy RISM

D-Mbs Mus.ms. 7470.
RISM 450057474.

- Bibliography

Haberkamp, Gertrude and Martin Seelkopf: Musikhandschriften katholischer Pfarreien in Franken, Bistum Würzburg. G. Henle: Munich 1990.

Hoboken, Antony van: Thematisch bibliographisches Werkverzeichnis. B.basso (bass) Schotts Sohne: Mainz 1971: vol. II.

MacIntyre, Bruce C.: 'Haydn's Doubtful and Spurious Masses: An Attributional Update', in: Haydn-Studien, vol. V (Munich: G. Henle 1982).

Obermayr, Anton: [Catalogus musicalium et instrumentarium ad chorum Lambascensem pertinentium] The Lambach thematic catalogue (1768). Pendragon: Styuvesant, NY 2000.

Osek u Duchcova. (CZ-Pnm; modern catalogue)

sYLLabVs seV CataLogVs perVtILIs non ChoraLIa, VerVM fIgVraLIa pIa festIVI ChorI porferens artIfICIa, qVæ pro feLICI offICIJ habItI fVaVIorIs Instar MUsICæ fILIaLI eX reVerentIa.... Osek 1753-1894. (CZ-Pnm)

- Scores

Haydn, Joseph [Misattributed]: Haydns Masses. Novello, Ewer & Co.: London 1855: vol. 13. This is an edition of Nokki 11c.

Wanhal, Johann Baptist: Missa Solennis in C major, W.XIX:C2. IMSLP: 2017. This is an edition of Nokki 11b. IMSLP Edition


 

File title:

Missa in C Nokki 11 [Weinmann XIX:C2]

File publication:

Editor: Halvor K Hosar


Last changed 2020-11-21 by Halvor K Hosar

- Revision history

Date Responsible Description
2020-11-21  Halvor K Hosar